Recently, in the Xiaozhan Rice Planting Demonstration Zone, located in Dazhongzhuang Farm, Baodi District, Tianjin, more than 10 harvesters were harvesting in an orderly manner next to Jin Chancan's rice fields, and the field was filled with joy. According to the relevant data released by the Tianjin Municipal Agriculture Department, this year the city's 673,000 acres of small station rice have achieved a large harvest, with an average yield of 650 kg per mu and a maximum yield of 800 kg, the highest level in recent years.
Xiaozhan rice, developed by Xiaozhan Town, Jinnan District, Tianjin, is a famous specialty product in Tianjin. In order to further implement the spirit of General Secretary Jinping ’s instructions on Xiaozhandao, the Tianjin Municipal Party Committee and the Municipal Government issued the “Tianjin Xiaozhan Rice Industry Revitalization Plan (2018-2022)” last year, using the revival of Xiaozhan rice industry as a boost to Tianjin ’s agriculture One of the important measures of brand influence.
However, Xiaozhandao has very strict requirements on meteorological conditions. In order to help it improve brand benefits and market value, Tianjin Meteorological Bureau insists on building a disaster prevention barrier with accurate forecasting, improving disaster reduction capabilities with integrated services, and relying on the results of smart weather construction. , Comprehensively carry out brand weather services for the whole process of the small station rice industry.
Aiming at the rice production in Xiaozhan, Tianjin Meteorological Bureau carried out the annual forecast of rice planting in Xiaozhan, and analyzed the weather suitability of the rice production season in Xiaozhan in the next year by using the analysis model of agrometeorology, and estimated the possible weather disaster and agriculture Meteorological year. At the same time, it provided service product support and technical guidance for the regional meteorological bureaus, and became a powerful "backing" for the regional meteorological bureaus to serve local small station rice production.
In July of this year, when the Sinochem Modern Agricultural Technology Service Center undertook a rice planting project in the Xizhan District of Tianjin, a survey was conducted, Du Shuhai, chief agronomist of the Agricultural Division of Sinochem Corporation confirmed the importance of prenatal weather services. "This has played a significant role in accurately predicting and scientifically arranging planting links and effectively estimating yield."
In order to help farmers avoid the meteorological risks of agricultural production more effectively, Tianjin Meteorological Bureau and the People's Insurance Company of China Tianjin Branch carried out R & D of small station rice insurance, actuarial calculation of agricultural insurance on small station rice line, and launched quality insurance services. Li Chun, head of the Agricultural Meteorology Section of the Tianjin Climate Center, said: "The development of annual weather forecasts allows growers to understand the risks of agricultural production in that year, and then selectively purchase agricultural insurance that meets their needs. By cooperating with insurance companies We will also superimpose and provide meteorological service products and insurance for small-site rice production to provide guidance for farmers to prevent meteorological disasters. "So far, the Municipal Meteorological Bureau has released more than 40 periods of meteorological insurance service products to pilot small-site rice planting enterprises.
In order to improve the pertinence of services in rice production at Xiaozhan, the Municipal Meteorological Bureau and the Municipal Agriculture Commission strengthened cooperation. Through field investigations, we summarized the requirements for the weather conditions in each critical period of growth and development from rice seedling cultivation to harvest. This is based on the development of a catastrophic weather forecast early warning for the key growth stages of small station rice.
On August 11 this year, typhoon "Lichma" went northward, and the outer cloud system affected Tianjin, causing the small station rice at the earing stage to suffer from low temperature and rainfall. The Municipal Meteorological Bureau issued a special meteorological service report to the municipal agricultural department and large station rice farmers in a timely manner through the WeChat group, and issued agricultural meteorological service guidance forecasts for the district meteorological bureaus, effectively reducing farmers' losses.
In addition, based on years of accumulated experience, the Municipal Meteorological Bureau has created a set of technical systems that integrate automatic weather monitoring, disaster early warning, and environmental intelligent control. In March of this year, the Urban Agricultural Meteorological Services Technology Research and Innovation Team was established to "agricultural The two key technologies of “Meteorological Internet of Things” and “Agricultural Climate Resource Utilization” are the key to developing meteorological services for rice in small stations. The set of rice industrialized substrate seedling technology model based on the Internet of Things support was promoted to multiple rice planting bases in Heilongjiang and other provinces, which produced good economic benefits.
In addition, the Municipal Meteorological Bureau has also developed a meteorological forecast model for common plant diseases and insect pests in small stations, and issued early warnings of meteorological disasters caused by pests and diseases in different development stages of small stations in order to reduce disaster risks and management costs for small station rice production. At present, the Municipal Bureau and the China Agricultural University are jointly developing a rice growth and development model to enhance the ability to predict the dynamic growth of seedlings.
Long-term postnatal planning
In order to help Tianjin build a high-end small station rice brand, the Municipal Meteorological Bureau has begun the evaluation of the climate quality of small station rice and the tracing of climate information since the end of 2018. Through the collection of rice growth-related data in the past 20 years, according to meteorological conditions, The impact of nutrition and other dimensions was analyzed, and finally the climatic condition quality assessment and traceability of rice were formed, and then the small station rice was labeled with the climate quality assessment label to enhance its brand influence.
As of now, the Municipal Meteorological Bureau has promoted the evaluation of climate quality of small station rice and the tracing of climate information in major rice production areas in Tianjin, such as Baodi District and Jinnan District, and has posted two-dimensional climate quality evaluation for many small station rice production cooperatives. The code label enhances the scientific and technological connotation and economic added value of the Xiaozhandao brand, and adds icing on the cake to production enterprises.
This year, relying on the WeChat platform, the Municipal Meteorological Bureau has intensified the small station rice service, created the "Tianzhidao" agricultural meteorological service application brand, and achieved "one-click access" to various service information from "from seed to harvest". At the same time, the Municipal Bureau compiles and issues the “Implementation Plan for the Development of Meteorological Services for the Development of the Rice Industry in Tianjin ’s Small Stations”. The meteorological service is pushed to the field, providing targeted meteorological services to the government, key rice enterprises, and rice farmers in the city, playing the "combination punch" of the meteorological service station rice industry. (Source: China Meteorological News)